Added sugars are sugars that are added to a food during its production. Added sugars include sucrose, honey, maple syrup, and sugars extracted from concentrated fruit juices. Added sugars are used to flavor food, preserve food, fuel fermentation, act as a bulking agent, and balance the acidity of foods.

 

It is recommended that added sugars contribute to less than 10% of an individual’s daily calories, or about 12 teaspoons of sugar for a 2000 calorie diet. On average, adults consume 17 teaspoons of added sugars per day. This is close to double the recommendation for added sugars.

 

Why Hold the Sugar?

 

Consuming an excess of added sugars may increase your risk of a variety of undesirable health impacts.

  • Too many added sugars may contribute to weight gain, as added sugars do not usually satisfy hunger, which only contributes to more calories being consumed.
  • Too many added sugars can also cause high blood pressure by inhibiting nitric oxide in the blood, which is what helps the blood maintain its blood pressure.
  • Too many added sugars in one’s diet can increase their risk of type 2 diabetes by promoting an insulin resistance which increases blood sugar.
  • Too many added sugars may lead to fatty liver disease because fructose is broken down by the liver and stored as